I'm writing a paper about the internalized racism in Shakespeare's Othello. Do you have any good sources about the Elizabethan interactions with people of color that can give me some context for this play? I asked my professor but he gave me the "there were no african peoples (Moors or otherwise) in England in this time period" spiel, but I'm sensing bullshit. Thank you!

medievalpoc:

medievalpoc:

thirddeadlysin:

medievalpoc:

Uhhhhh.

Okay well your professor lied to you.

Actually there were so many Black British at that time that Elizabeth I tried to blame the realms ills on them and have them all deported. Twice. She failed, probably because you can’t deport your own citizens very well under most circumstances. It’s actually a pretty pivotal point in English history.

Here’s one of the letters from her own hand:

image

[transcript]

An open le[tt]re to the L[ord] Maiour of London and th’alermen his brethren, And to all other Maiours, Sheryfes, &c. Her Ma[jes]tieunderstanding that there are of late divers Blackmoores brought into the Realme, of which kinde of people there are all ready here to manie,consideringe howe God hath blessed this land w[i]th great increase of people of our owne Nation as anie Countrie in the world, wherof manie for want of Service and meanes to sett them on worck fall to Idlenesse and to great extremytie; Her Ma[jesty’]s pleasure therefore ys, that those kinde of people should be sent forthe of the lande. And for that purpose there ys direction given to this bearer Edwarde Banes to take of those Blackmoores that in this last voyage under Sir Thomas Baskervile, were brought into this Realme to the nomber of Tenn, to be Transported by him out of the Realme. Wherein wee Req[uire] you to be aydinge & Assysting unto him as he shall have occacion, and thereof not to faile.

You can read another one in its entirety here.

Elizabeth I tried to use Black British as scapegoats for some of the problems in English society during the Elizabethan Era, problems that led to the passing of the famous Poor Laws in 1597 and 1601.

From The British National Archives:

But while Elizabeth may have enjoyed being entertained by Black people, in the 1590s she also issued proclamations against them. In 1596 she wrote to the lord mayors of major cities noting that there were ‘of late divers blackmoores brought into this realm, of which kind of people there are already here to manie…’. She ordered that ‘those kinde of people should be sente forth of the land’.

Elizabeth made an arrangement for a merchant, Casper van Senden, to deport Black people from England in 1596. The aim seems to have been to exchange them for (or perhaps to sell them to obtain funds to buy) English prisoners held by England’s Catholic enemies Spain and Portugal.

No doubt van Senden intended to sell these people. But this was not to be, because masters* of Black workers - who had not been offered compensation - refused to let them go. In 1601, Elizabeth issued a further proclamation expressing her ‘discontentment by the numbers of blackamores which are crept into this realm…’ and again licensing van Senden to deport Black people. It is doubtful whether this second proclamation was any more successful than the first.

Why this sudden, urgent desire to expel members of England’s Black population? It was more than a commercial transaction pursued by the queen. In the 16th century, the ruling classes became increasingly concerned about poverty and vagrancy, as the feudal system- which, in theory, had kept everyone in their place - finally broke down. They feared disorder and social breakdown and, blaming the poor, brought in poor laws to try to deal with the problem

As you can see, Black people were a pretty important and pivotal part of English society at the time. Basically, the Queen tried to convince the people that they had to “give up” their cobbler’s apprentices and weavers and other various other workingpeople (the Black musicians in the court were of course exempt from the deportations) to the crown, on the basis that they were “vagrants” and “mostly infidels”. This was not only a wild exaggeration (most were Christian with working class jobs like ya do), but it’s not a very compelling reason to frigging report your next-door neighbor Bill the Mason to immigration. Because then who’s going to do your masonry?

So anyways, the Poor Laws had to be passed, because you can’t deport your citizens/workforce and no one would cooperate with something like that.

And it’s not like those people went anywhere. They’re still there. They were there before that! Some had been there since like, the 4th frigging century when that was part of the Roman Empire!

Also check the tag for England here. Plenty more on lots of different people of color in England throughout many eras.

* this generally refers to the “master” of a workshop or guildmaster, not necessarily the master of an enslaved person, FYI.

oh my god how is this something i never learned about in three separate elizabethan era-focused classes??? (no need to answer; i know how) 

Three? Three?

Like, I thought my capacity to be disappointed in history education was full, but I guess not.

Seriously, the next time someone sends a message about how this is stuff “everyone knows” remind me to link this.

Reblogging this for the last five people who asked me if there are enough people who don’t know that POC lived in Europe in the past to “justify” Medievalpoc’s existence….

Because sometimes those people are your professor. Or someone who took three Elizabethan Era focused classes. Because I think everyone should know these things, whether you’re a history fan or not.

theenglishangel:

britain-land-of-hope-and-glory:

Some Very British Problems (x

As a British person, I admit that this Twitter account is the most accurate thing about British people ever.

As a British person, I second this.

(via aurorawest)

adorablespiders:

Cat faced spider Araneus gemmoides as near as I can tell.
AS: yep it looks like a cat faced orb weaver alright :)
submitted by doccynical

adorablespiders:

Cat faced spider Araneus gemmoides as near as I can tell.

AS: yep it looks like a cat faced orb weaver alright :)

submitted by 

zacharielaughingalonewithsalad:

cellarspider:

twinkletwinkleyoulittlefuck:

purrsianstuck:

During the Bubonic Plague, doctors wore these bird-like masks to avoid becoming sick. They would fill the beaks with spices and rose petals, so they wouldn’t have to smell the rotting bodies. 

A theory during the Bubonic Plague was that the plague was caused by evil spirits. To scare the spirits away, the masks were intentionally designed to be creepy. 

Mission fucking accomplished

Okay so I love this but it doesn’t cover the half of why the design is awesome and actually borders on making sense.

It wasn’t just that they didn’t want to smell the infected and dead, they thought it was crucial to protecting themselves. They had no way of knowing about what actually caused the plague, and so one of the other theories was that the smell of the infected all by itself was evil and could transmit the plague. So not only would they fill their masks with aromatic herbs and flowers, they would also burn fires in public areas, so that the smell of the smoke would “clear the air”. This all related to the miasma theory of contagion, which was one of the major theories out there until the 19th century. And it makes sense, in a way. Plague victims smelled awful, and there’s a general correlation between horrible septic smells and getting horribly sick if you’re around what causes them for too long.

You can see now that we’ve got two different theories as to what caused the plague that were worked into the design. That’s because the whole thing was an attempt by the doctors to cover as many bases as they could think of, and we’re still not done.

The glass eyepieces. They were either darkened or red, not something you generally want to have to contend with when examining patients. But the plague might be spread by eye contact via the evil eye, so best to ward that off too.

The illustration shows a doctor holding a stick. This was an examination tool, that helped the doctors keep some distance between themselves and the infected. They already had gloves on, but the extra level of separation was apparently deemed necessary. You could even take a pulse with it. Or keep people the fuck away from you, which was apparently a documented use.

Finally, the robe. It’s not just to look fancy, the cloth was waxed, as were all of the rest of their clothes. What’s one of the properties of wax? Water-based fluids aren’t absorbed by it. This was the closest you could get to a sterile, fully protecting garment back then. Because at least one person along the line was smart enough to think “Gee, I’d really rather not have the stuff coming out of those weeping sores anywhere on my person”.

So between all of these there’s a real sense that a lot of real thought was put into making sure the doctors were protected, even if they couldn’t exactly be sure from what. They worked with what information they had. And frankly, it’s a great design given what was available! You limit exposure to aspirated liquids, limit exposure to contaminated liquids already present, you limit contact with the infected. You also don’t give fleas any really good place to hop onto. That’s actually useful.

Beyond that, there were contracts the doctors would sign before they even got near a patient. They were to be under quarantine themselves, they wouldn’t treat patients without a custodian monitoring them and helping when something had to be physically contacted, and they would not treat non-plague patients for the duration. There was an actual system in place by the time the plague doctors really became a thing to make sure they didn’t infect anyone either.

These guys were the product of the scientific process at work, and the scientific process made a bitchin’ proto-hazmat suit. And containment protocols!

reblogging for the sweet history lesson

(via darkeiya)

fringe-element:

I scrolled past this really fast and had to scroll back up to see if it was a car with underbody lights.
It is not a car. it is a squid.
Cars WISH they were as cool as this squid.

It’s an octopus. A very cool octopus.

fringe-element:

I scrolled past this really fast and had to scroll back up to see if it was a car with underbody lights.

It is not a car. it is a squid.

Cars WISH they were as cool as this squid.

It’s an octopus. A very cool octopus.

(Source: blazeofreality, via gustybv)

useless-worthless-nobody:

intoxifaded:

Save this to your phones or computer and post it on other websites like twitter too!

Why would you NOT reblog this?

useless-worthless-nobody:

intoxifaded:

Save this to your phones or computer and post it on other websites like twitter too!

Why would you NOT reblog this?

(via missdixiedarlin)

missdixiedarlin:

krakenguard:

ashnazgtheonering:

lonelymountainson:

neurodiversitysci:

phantompiper:

jonpertwee:

silverblacker:

jmoriartycriminalconsultant:

noxyouravragefangirl:

crowleys-juliet:

derinthemadscientist:

surprisebitch:

tentaclerapper:

methylbenzene:

when i was little and my parents were driving id pretend there was a man/being/thing running alongside the car who had to follow certain rules like “he can only travel by jumping from streetlight to streetlight” or “he can only walk on fences”
i was so surprised to find out that other people did similar things

i wonder what the underlying psychology behind it is
like its a really specific thing to do but almost everyone did it without telling other kids about it because we all thought it was probably weird or unimportant

i really hope that a psychologist sees this and will post the physiological reason why 99.9% of kids do this

My imaginary runner did not look this terrifying.

I didn’t have an imaginary runner, but I did feel a compulsion to blink between passing street posts. I’m almost 22 and still do it.

Mine was usually a cat or fox

Mine was a character from the cartoon I watched at the time(even then I loved fictional characters)

I had a whole team of them. One is a skater, one is a ballad dancer, one is a ninja, one is an athlete. 

I’ve never heard of this???!What the actual fuck? Why haven’t I heard of this? What is wrong with you people??

I did this at school to avoid eye contact. My man was tiny though and he could only run on handrails or cracks in the walls.

Mine was usually a dinosaur or cat, but occasionally a person.
One of my friends imagined Pocahontas.
I’m looking forward to seeing how many people did this as kids.

Mine was a horse.

Mine was my Digimon partner. :D

Lookit that! It’s SCP-096!

omg I thought I was the only one who did this. Heck, I STILL do it if I’m the passenger in the backseat and I’m bored lol. It was always a dog or cat from a book/movie I liked.

Mine was a little dragon. \o/

missdixiedarlin:

krakenguard:

ashnazgtheonering:

lonelymountainson:

neurodiversitysci:

phantompiper:

jonpertwee:

silverblacker:

jmoriartycriminalconsultant:

noxyouravragefangirl:

crowleys-juliet:

derinthemadscientist:

surprisebitch:

tentaclerapper:

methylbenzene:

when i was little and my parents were driving id pretend there was a man/being/thing running alongside the car who had to follow certain rules like “he can only travel by jumping from streetlight to streetlight” or “he can only walk on fences”

i was so surprised to find out that other people did similar things

i wonder what the underlying psychology behind it is

like its a really specific thing to do but almost everyone did it without telling other kids about it because we all thought it was probably weird or unimportant

i really hope that a psychologist sees this and will post the physiological reason why 99.9% of kids do this

My imaginary runner did not look this terrifying.

I didn’t have an imaginary runner, but I did feel a compulsion to blink between passing street posts. I’m almost 22 and still do it.

Mine was usually a cat or fox

Mine was a character from the cartoon I watched at the time(even then I loved fictional characters)

I had a whole team of them. One is a skater, one is a ballad dancer, one is a ninja, one is an athlete. 

I’ve never heard of this???!
What the actual fuck?
Why haven’t I heard of this? What is wrong with you people??

I did this at school to avoid eye contact. My man was tiny though and he could only run on handrails or cracks in the walls.

Mine was usually a dinosaur or cat, but occasionally a person.

One of my friends imagined Pocahontas.

I’m looking forward to seeing how many people did this as kids.

Mine was a horse.

Mine was my Digimon partner. :D

Lookit that! It’s SCP-096!

omg I thought I was the only one who did this. Heck, I STILL do it if I’m the passenger in the backseat and I’m bored lol. It was always a dog or cat from a book/movie I liked.

Mine was a little dragon. \o/

(Source: whatgoesthroughmyhead)

revelation19:

musiqchild007:

revelation19:

This is 100% true

This tweet sounds as though introverts consume the souls of others before they engage in social events.

This is 100% true

revelation19:

musiqchild007:

revelation19:

This is 100% true

This tweet sounds as though introverts consume the souls of others before they engage in social events.

This is 100% true

(Source: blakebaggott, via bombermens)

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